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Poor Richard's Almanack 


ALMANACK /. .'. by 


Selections from the apothegms and proverbs, with a brief sketch of the life of Benjamin Franklin. 

Published by 

Copyright, 1914 



Opposite historic Old South Church in Boston, on January 6, 1706, was born 

Benjamin Franklin.

Benjamin was the fifteenth child of Josiah Franklin, whose occupation was that of tallow-chandler or candle-maker. Business was not prosperous, and the Franklin family was reared in very hum- ble circumstances. 

As a child, Benjamin hungered for books and knowledge. During the two years that his father was able to send him to school, he showed remarkable aptitude and industry, and rapidly outdistanced his fellow pupils. 

The first book which Franklin read was Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress". By trad-ing and borrowing, he managed to secure other volumes. His passion for reading was so intense that he attracted the at- tention of a kind-hearted Boston mer- chant, who gave the boy access to his well-stocked library. Franklin read only books which could add to his education, and read them with a thoroughness that extracted every bit of useful knowledge. 

After leaving school, Franklin was ap- prenticed to his brother James in the printing trade. His wage was very small and he had to live most frugally. 

James started a newspaper, and Ben- jamin set type and distributed the sheets. One day, he anonymously contributed some verses and apothegms and was overjoyed to find them accepted and pub- lished. 

When his brother discovered that he was the contributor, an altercation broke out between the two, due principally to the ill temper of James. The quarrel was finally the cause of Benjamin's leaving Boston and going to Philadelphia. 

In Philadelphia, Franklin obtained work with Keimer, a printer. His lodg- ings were found at the house of Mr. Read, with whose pretty daughter, Deborah, he promptly fell in love. Mrs. Read, how- ever, counselled the two to postpone the marriage until Franklin should earn suffi- cient to maintain his own household. He was but eighteen years old at this time. 

Sir William Keith, governor of the province of Pennsylvania, became ac- quainted with Franklin and offered to set him up in the printing business. Frank- lin, of course, accepted. At Keith's sug- gestion, he sailed to England to purchase an up-to-date outfit. Arrived there, he found that Keith was without credit. His beautiful plans went for naught and he was stranded in England without funds or prospects. It took him several years to work his way back to America. 

When he returned, the first news to greet Franklin was the marriage of De- borah Read to another man. 

At 22 years of age, Franklin had not made much progress toward the goal of his ambition. But nothing daunted, he applied himself with greater industry, greater self-sacrifice and greater perse- verance. He kept plugging away at his trade of printer, and entered into busi-ness ventures with other men, all of which proved rapid failures. Finally, he struck out for himself. Coincidently, De- borah Read's husband died and Franklin took her to wife. 

The young couple had to live on close margin for a few years. When Franklin was 27 years of age, he evolved the idea which opened the road to fame and for-tune. This was Poor Richard's Alma-nack. The first number had a tremendous sale. His homely, trite, common-sense sayings achieved wide popularity and each succeeding issue found more sub- scribers than its predecessor. The general recognition and respect gained for Frank- lin through the Almanack gave him the opportunity to enter public life. This sphere of activity was greatly to his lik- ing. He held important offices and intro- duced many splendid reforms into the municipal government. 

Franklin's pet project was an efficient institution of learning. When he was 37 years old, his plans materialized into the founding of an academy from which has grown the great University of Pennsyl- vania. 

The scientists of Europe were at this time becoming aware of a mysterious force which they named electricity. Mus-schenbroeck, a German, came forth with the discovery of the Ley den jar. Frank-lin immediately devoted himself to a study of electricity. The subject proved to interesting, so full of possibilities that he sold out his printing business in order to devote his entire effort to the new field. His business, started on nothing, brought the handsome price of $90,000. 

When Franklin declared his belief that electricity and lightning were identical, the whole world laughed. He then made his famous kite test, and proved his the-ory. This demonstration gained world recognition for him as a scientist and won him many honors. 

The colonies were now passing through the turbulent period preceding 

the Revolutionary War. Franklin was a foremost figure in public life, and became the commissioner of the colonies to Eng- land. 

The first cause for provocation on the part of the colonies was the Stamp Act, which imposed an enormous tax on deeds, college degrees and printed matter. Eng- land sought to meet the expenses of the French-Indian war by this tax. Frank- lin's efficient representation and effective pleading secured its repeal in 1766. 

However, one year later, Parliament enacted a more obnoxious bill, placing a heavy duty on tea, glass and other com- modities. Then it was that certain indig- nant citizens of Boston held their Boston Tea Party and brought upon the heads of the community the ill-considered, hateful Boston Port Bill. The city was virtually put in a state of seizure by the British under General Gage. 

This final action precipitated the crisis, and the Revolutionary War was on. Gage made his disastrous march to Concord and Lexington, and Bunker Hill ended in a triumph for American pluck. 

Although in favor of settling the dis- pute by arbitration, Franklin was as zealous a patriot as any. He was a mem- ber of the first Continental Congress, and 

10 POOR RICHARD'S ALMANACK. helped frame the Declaration of Inde- pendence. Later he went to Paris as spe- cial envoy to France for the colonies. He was received with great acclaimation and was accorded many honors. His mission of enlisting France's aid in the struggle was completely successful. Helped by the money of France and by the valor of such men as Lafayette, the Revolution triumphed. 

After an absence from America of nine years, Franklin returned. He was given a royal reception. Although 77 years old now, he still gave his country the best that was in him, until his death on April 17, 1790. At his burial 20,000 persons gathered to do him respect and honor. 

Franklin's life has been called the most interesting and the most successful lived by any American. And the explanation is found in the rule that guided him throughout his career: To go straight forward in doing what appears to be right, leaving the consequences to Provi- dence. 

1. A child thinks 20 shillings and 20 years can scarce ever be spent. 

2. A cold April, the barn will fill. 

3. A countryman between two lawyers, is like a fish between two cats. 

4.* Act uprightly, and despise calumny; dirt may stick to a mud wall, but not 
to polish'd marble. 

5. A cypher and humility make the other figures and virtues of tenfold value. 

6. A false friend and a shadow attend only while the sun shines. 

7* A father's a treasure ; a brother's a comfort ; a friend is both. 

8. A fat kitchen, a lean will. 

9. A fine genius in his own country, is like gold in the mine. 

10. A flatterer never seems absurd : The flatter'd always takes his word. 

11.* After three days men grow weary of a wench, a guest, and weather rainy. 

12. After crosses and losses men grow humbler and wiser. 

13. A full belly is the mother of all evil. 

14. A full belly makes a dull brain. 

15. A good example is the best sermon. 

16. A good lawyer, a bad neighbor. 

17. A good man is seldom uneasy, an ill one never easy. 

18. A house without woman and firelight, is like a body without soul or sprite. 

19. A lean award is better than a fat judgment. 

20. A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one. 

21.* A lie stands on one leg, truth on 

22. A life of leisure, and a life of laziness, are two things. 

23. A light purse is a heavy curse. 

24. A little house well fill'd, a little field well till'd, and a little wife well will'd, are great riches. 

25. All blood is alike ancient. 

26. All mankind are beholden to him that is kind to the good. 

27.* All things are cheap to the saving, dear to the wasteful. 

28.* All things are easy to industry, all things difficult to sloth. 

29. All would live long, but none would be old. 

30. A long life may not be good enough, but a good life is long enough. 

"31. A man in a passion rides a mad horse. 

32. A man without a wife, is but a half a man. 

33. A man without ceremony has need of great merit in its place. 

34. Ambition often spends foolishly what avarice had wickedly collected. 

35. A mob's a monster; heads enough, but no brains. 

36. A modern wit is one of David's fools. 

37. An egg today is better than a hen to- morrow. 

38. An empty bag cannot stand upright. 

39.* A new truth is a truth, an old error is an error, though Clodpate won't al-low either. 

40. Anger and folly walk cheek by jole; repentance treads on both their heels. 

41. Anger is never without a reason, but seldom with a good one. 

42. Anger warms the invention, but over- heats the oven. 

43. An honest man will receive neither money nor praise, that is not his due. 

44. An hundred thieves cannot strip one naked man, especially if his skin's off. 
45. An ill wound, but not an ill name, may be healed. 

46. An innocent plowman is more worthy than a vicious prince. 

47.* Anoint a villian and he'll stab you; stab him, and he'll anoint you. 

48. An old man in a house is a good sign. 

49. An old young man will be a young old man. 

50. An ounce of wit that is bought, is worth a pound that is taught. 

51. An undutiful daughter, will prove an unmanageable wife. 

52. A pair of good ears will drain dry an hundred tongues. 

53. A plowman on his legs is higher than a gentleman on his knees. 

54. Approve not of him that commends all you say. 

55. A quarrelsome man has no good neighbors. 

56. A quiet conscience sleeps in thunder. 

57.* Are you angry that others disappoint you? Remember you cannot depend upon yourself. 

58. As charms are nonsense, nonsense is a charm. 

59. Ask and have, is sometimes dear buy-ing. 

60. A soft tongue may strike hard. 

61. As pride increases, fortune declines. 

62.* As sore places meet most rubs, proud folks meet most affronts. 

63. A temper to bear much, will have much to bear. 

64. A wicked hero will turn his back to an innocent coward. 

65. As we must account for every idle word, so we must for every idle silence. 

66. At a great pennyworth, pause a while. 

67. A traveller should have a hog's nose, deer's legs, and an ass's back. 

68. At the working man's house hunger looks in but dares not enter. 

69.* At 20 years of age the will reigns ; at thirty the wit ; at 40 the judgment. 

70. Bad commentators spoil the best of books. 

71. Bad gains are truly losses. 

72. Bargaining has neither friends nor relations. 

73. Be always ashamed to catch thyself idle. 

74.* Be at war with your vices, at peace 
with your neighbors. 

75. Beauty and folly are old companions. 

'76. Being ignorant is not so much a shame, as being unwilling to learn. 

77. Ben beats his pate, and fancys wit will come ; but he may knock, there's 
nobody at home. 

78. Be not niggardly of what costs thee nothing, as courtesy, counsel, and 

79. Be slow in choosing a friend, slower in changing. 

80. Better is a little with content than much with contention. 

81. Better slip with foot than tongue. 

82. Beware, beware! He'll cheat without scruple, who can without fear. 

83. Beware of him that is slow to anger ; he is angry for something, and will 
not be pleased for nothing. 

84.* Beware of little expenses, a small leak will sink a great ship. 

85.* Beware of meat twice boil'd, and an old foe reconcil'd. 

86.* Beware of the young doctor and the old barber. 

87. Blame-all and praise-all are two block heads. 

88. Blessed is he that expects nothing, for he shall never be disappointed. 

89. Buy what thou hast no need of; and e'er long thou shalt sell thy neces-saries. 

90. By diligence and patience, the mouse bit in two the cable. 

91. Calamity and prosperity are the touchstones of integrity. 

92. Ceremony is not civility; nor civility ceremony. 

93.* Changing countries or beds, cures neither a bad manager, nor a fever. 

94. Cheese and salt meat should be sparingly eat. 

95.* Children and princes will quarrel for trifles. 

96. Clean your finger, before you point at my spots. 

97. Clearly spoken, Mr. Fog! You ex- plain English by Greek. 

98.* Content and riches seldom meet to- gether. Riches take thou, content-ment I had rather. 

99. Content is the philosopher's stone, that turns all it touches into gold. 

100.* Content makes poor men rich; dis- content makes ric!i men poor. 

101. Courage would fight, but discretion won't let him. 

102. Creditors have better memories than debtors. 

103.* Cut the wings of your hens and hopes, lest they lead you a wary 
dance after them. 

104. Danger is sauce for prayers. 

105.* Dally not with other folks' women or money. 

106. Death takes no bribes. 

107. Declaiming against pride, is not al- ways a sign of humility. 

108.* Defer not thy well doing; be not like St. George, who is always on 
horseback, and never rides on. 

109. Deny self for self's sake. 

110.* Despair ruins some, presumption many. 

111.* Different sects like different clocks, may be all near the matter, though they don't quite agree. 

112. Diligence is the mother of good luck. 

113.* Diligence overcomes difficulties, sloth makes them. 

114. Distrust and caution are the parents of security. 

115.* Do good to thy friend to keep him, to thy enemy to gain him. 

116.* Doing an injury puts you below your enemy; revenging one makes 
you but even with him ; forgiving, it sets you above him. 

117. Do not do that which you would not have known. 

118. Do me the favor to deny me at once. 

119.* Don't go to the doctor with every distemper, nor to the lawyer with 
every quarrel, nor to the pot for every thirst. 

120.* Don't judge of men's wealth or piety, by their Sunday appearances. 

121.* Don't misinform your doctor nor your lawyer. 

122. Don't overload gratitude; if you d> she'll kick. 

123. Don't think to hunt two hares with one dog. 

124. Don't throw stones at your neigh- bors, if your own windows are glass. 

125. Don't value a man for the quality he is of, but for the qualities he pos- 

126. Dost thou love life? Then do not squander time; for that's the stuff 
life is made of. 

127. Drink does not drown care, but waters it, and makes it grow faster. 

128.* Drink water ; put the money in your pocket, and leave the dry-bellyache 
in the punch-bowl. 

129. Drive thy business, or it will drive thee. 

130.* Drunkenness, that worst of evils, makes some men fools, some beasts, 
some devils. 

131. Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. 

132. Eat few suppers, and you'll need few medicines. 

133.* Eat to please thyself, but dress to please others. 

134. Employ thy time well, if thou mean- est to gain leisure. 

135. Ever since follies have pleased, foob have been able to divert. 

136.* Every man has assurance enough to boast of his honesty, few of their 

137. Experience keeps a dear school, yet fools will learn in no other. 

138. Eyes and priests bear no jests. 

139. Fear God, and your enemies will fear you. 

140.* Fear not death ; for the sooner we die, the longer shall we be im- mortal. 

141. Fear to do ill, and you need fear nought else. 

142.* Fine linen, girls and gold so bright, choose not to take by candle light. 

143.* Fish and visitors stink in three days. 

144. Fly pleasures and they'll follow you. 

145.* Fond pride of dress is sure an empty curse ; e'er fancy you consult, 
consult your purse. 

146. Fools make feasts, and wise men eat 'em. 

147. Fools multiply folly. 

148.* Fools need advice most, but wise men only are the better for it. 

149.* For age and want save while you may; no morning sun lasts a whole day. 

150. For one poor man there are an hun- dred indigent. 

151.* For want of a nail the shoe is lost; for want of a shoe, the horse is lost ; for want of a horse the rider is lost, 

152. Friendship cannot live with cere- mony, nor without civility. 

153. Friendship increases by visiting friends, but by visiting seldom. 

154. Full of courtesy, full of craft. 

155. Generous minds are all of kin. 

156. Genius without education is like sil- ver in the mine. 

157. Gifts burst rocks. 

158. Gifts much expected, are paid, not given. 

159.* Give me yesterday's bread, this day's flesh, and last year's cyder. 

160.* Glass, china, and reputation are easily crack'd, and never well mended. 

161. God gives all things to industry. 

162. God heals, and the doctor takes the fees. 

163. God helps them that help them- selves. 

164. God, parents, and instructors, can never be requited. 

165. Good sense is a thing all need, few have, and none think they want. 

166. Good wives and good plantation* are made by good husbands. 

167. Grace thou thy house, and let not that grace thee. 

168. Graft good fruit all, or graft not at all. 

169. Great almsgiving, lessens no man's living. 

170.* Great estates may venture more; little boats must keep near shore. 

171. Great famine when wolves eat wolves. 

172. Great good-nature, without pru- dence, is a great misfortune. 

173.* Great merit is coy, as well as great pride. 

174. Great modesty often hides great merit. 

175. Great spenders are bad lenders. 

176. Great talkers, little doers. 

177. Great talkers should be cropt, for they've no need of ears. 

178. Half hospitality opens his door and shuts up his countenance. 

179. Half the truth is often a great lie. 

180. Half wits talk much but say little. 

181. Happy that Nation, fortunate that age, whose history is not diverting. 

182. Happy's the wooing that's not long a doing. 

183. Happy Tom Crump, ne'er sees his own hump. 

184. Haste makes waste. 

185. Harry Smatter, has a mouth for every matter. 

186. Have you somewhat to do to-mor- row; do it to-day. 

187. Having been poor is no shame, but being ashamed of it, is. 

188. Hear no ill of a friend, nor speak any of an enemy. 

189. Hear reason, or she'll make you feel her. 

190. He does not possess wealth, it pos- sesses him. 

191. He has chang'd his one ey'd horse for a blind one. 

192. He has lost his boots, but sav'd his spurs. 

193.* He is a governor that governs his passions, and he a servant that serves them. 

194. He is ill clothed, who is bare of virtue. 

195. He is no clown that drives the plow, but he that doth clownish things. 

196. He is not well bred, that cannot bear ill-breeding in others. 

197. Help, hands ; for I have no lands. 

198. He makes a foe, who makes a jest. 

199. Here comes the orator, with his flood of words, and his drop of rea-son. 

200. He's a fool that cannot conceal his wisdom. 

201. He's a fool that makes his doctor his heir. 

202. He's gone, and forgot nothing but to say farewell to his creditors. 

203. He's the best physician that knows the worthlessness of the most medi-cines. 

204. He that best understands the world, least likes it. 

205.* He that builds before he counts the cost, acts foolishly; and he that counts before he builds, finds he did not count wisely. 

206. He that buys by the penny, main- tains not only himself, but other people. 

207. He that by the plow would thrive, himself must either hold or drive. 

208. He that can bear a reproof, and mend by it, if he is not wise, is in a 
fair way of being so. 

209. He that can compose himself, is wiser than he that composes books. 

210. He that can have patience can have what he will. 

211. He that cannot bear with other people's passions, cannot govern his own. 

212. He that cannot obey, cannot com- mand. 

213. He that can take rest is greater than he that can take cities. 

214. He that can travel well afoot, keeps a good horse. 

215. He that doth what he should not, shall feel what he would not. 

216. He that drinks fast, pays slow. 

217. He that drinks his cyder alone, let him catch his horse alone. 

218. He that falls in love with himself, will have no rivals. 

219. He that goes far to marry, will either deceive or be deceived. 

220. He that has a trade, has an office of profit and honor. 

221. He that has not got a wife, is not yet a complete man. 

222. He that hath a trade, hath an estate. 

223. He that is of opinion money will do everything may well be suspected 
of doing everything for money. 

224.* He that is rich need not live spar- ingly, and he that can live sparing- 
ly, need not be rich. 

225. He that lies down with dogs, shall rise up with fleas. 

226. He that never eats too much, will never be lazy. 

227. He that pays for work before it's done, has but a penny-worth for two pence. 

228. He that pursues two hares at once, does not catch one and let t'other go. 

229. He that resolves to mend hereafter, resolves not to mend now. 

230. He that riseth late, must trot all day, and shall scarce overtake his business by night. 

231. He that scatters thorns, let him not go barefoot. 

232.* He that's content hath enough; he that complains has too much. 

233. He that sells upon trust, loses many friends, and always wants money. 

234. He that sows thorns, should never go barefoot. 

235. He that speaks ill of the mare, will buy her. 

236. He that speaks much, is much mis- taken. 

237.* He that spills the rum loses that only; he that drinks it, often loses 
both that and himself. 

238. He that takes a wife, takes care. 

239. He that waits upon fortune, is never sure of a dinner. 

240. He that won't be counsell'd, can't be help'd. 

241. He that would catch fish, must ven- ture his bait. 

242. He that would have a short Lent, let him borrow money to be repaid at Easter. 

243. He that would live in peace and at ease, must not speak all he knows,nor judge all he sees. 

244. He that would rise at court, must begin by creeping. 

245. He that would travel much, should eat little. 

246. He who multiplies riches multiplies cares. 

247.* He who buys had need have 100 eyes, but one's enough for him that sells the stuff. 

248.* Hold your council before dinner; the full belly hates thinking as well 
as acting. 

249. Honors change manners. 

250. Honor thy father and mother, i. e., live so as to be an honor to them when they are dead. 

251.* Hope and a red rag, are baits for men and mackrel. 

252. Hope of gain lessens pain. 

253. How few there are who have cour- age enough to own their faults. 

254. Hunger is the best pickle. 

255. Hunger never saw bad bread. 

256. Idleness is the Dead Sea, that swal- lows all virtues. 

257. Idleness is the greatest prodigality. 

258. If it were not for the belly, the back might wear gold. 

259. If Jack's in love, he's no judge of Jill's beauty. 

260. If man could have half his wishes, he would double his troubles. 

261. If passion drives, let reason hold the reins. 

262. If pride leads the van, beggary brings up the rear. 

263. If thou hast wit and learning, add to it wisdom and modesty. 

264. If thou injurest conscience, it will have its revenge on thee. 

265.* If thou would'st live long, live well ; for folly and wickedness shorten life. 

266. If wind blows on you thro' a hole, make your will and take care of your soul. 

267. If worldly goods cannot save me from death, they ought not to hin-der me to eternal life. 

268. If you'd be belov'd, make yourself amiable. 

269. If you desire many things, many things seem but a few. 

270. If you'd have a servant that you like, serve yourself. 

271.* If you'd have it done, go; if not, send. 

272. If you'd know the value of money, go and borrow some. 

273. If you'd lose a troublesome visitor, lend him money. 

274. If you do what you would not, you must hear what you would not. 

275. If you have no money in your pot, have some in your mouth. 

276. If you have time don't wait for time. 

277. If you know how to spend less than you get, you have the philisopher's stone. 

278. If your head is wax, don't walk in 
the sun. 

279.* If you ride a horse, sit close and tight, if you ride a man, sit easy and light. 

280. If your riches are } r ours, why don't you take them with you to the 
other world? 

281. If you would be loved, love and be lovable. 

282. If you would be reveng'd of your enemy, govern yourself. 

283. If you would have guests merry with cheer, be so yourself, or so at least appear. 

284. If you would keep your secret from an enemy, tell it not to a friend. 

285. If you would not be forgotten as soon as you are dead and rotten,either write things worth reading, or do things worth writing. 

286. If you would reap praise you must sow the seeds, gentle words and useful deeds. 

287.* Ignorance leads men into a party, and shame keeps them from getting out again. 

288.* I have never seen the philosopher's stone that turns lead into gold, but 
I have known the pursuit of it turn a man's gold into lead. 

289.* Ill company is like a dog who dirts those most, that he loves best. 

290. Ill customs and bad advice are sel- dom forgotten. 

291.* "I'll warrant ye", goes before rash- ness; "Who'd-a-tho't" comes sneak-ing after. 

292.* Industry pays debts, despair in- creases them. 

293. In success be moderate. 

294. Interest which blinds some people, enlightens others. 

295. In the affairs of this world men are saved, not by faith, but by the want of it. 

296. I saw few die of hunger, of eat- ing 100,000. 

297. Is there anything men take more pains about than to render them-selves unhappy? 

298. It is better to take many injuries, than to give one. 

299.* It, is ill jesting with the joiner's tools, worse with the doctor's. 

300.* It is ill-manners to silence a fool, and cruelty to let him go on. 

301. It is not leisure that is not used. 

302.* It is wise not to seek a secret, and honest not to reveal it. 

303. It's common for men to give pre- tended reasons instead of one real one. 

304. It's the easiest thing in the world for a man to deceive himself. 

305. Jack Little sow'd little, and little he'll reap. 

306.* Keep flax from fire, youth from gaming. 

307.* Keep thou from the opportunity, and God will keep thee from the sin. 

308. Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee. 

309.* Keep your eyes wide open before marriage, half shut afterwards. 

310. Keep your mouth wet, feet dry. 

311.* Kings and bears often w.orry their keepers. 

312.* Kings have long arms, but mis- fortune longer ; let none think them- selves out of her reach. 

313. Late children, early orphans. 

314.* Laws like to cobwebs, catch small flies, great ones break through be- 
fore your eyes. 

315.* Laws too gentle are seldom obeyed; too severe, seldom ex-ecuted. 

316. Laziness travels so slowly, that pov-erty soon overtakes him. 

317.* Learn of the skillful; he that teaches himself, hath a fool for his master. 

318. Lend money to an enemy, and thou'lt gain him, to a friend and thou'lt lose him. 

319.* Let all men know thee, but no man know thee thoroughly; men freely ford that see the shallows. 

320. Let every new year find you a better man. 

321. Let thy child's first lesson be obe- dience, and the second may be what thou wilt. 

322.* Let thy discontents be thy secrets; if the world knows them 'twill de- spise thee and increase them. 

323. Let thy maid-servant be faithful, strong, and homely. 

324. Let thy vices die before thee. 

325. Liberality is not giving much, but giving wisely. 

326. Light gains, heavy purses. 

327. Light heel'd mothers make leaden- heel'd daughters. 

328. Light purse, heavy heart. 

329. Little rogues easily become great ones. 

330. Little strokes fell great oaks. 

331. Look before, or you'll find yourself behind. 

332. Lost time is never found again. 

333. Love, and be loved. 

334.* Love, cough, and a smoke, can't well be hid. 

335.* Lover and Lordship hate com- panions. 

336.* Lovers, travellers, am! poets will give money to be heard. 

337. Love well, whip well. 

338. Love your enemies, for they tell you your faults. 

339. Love your neighbor; yet don't pull down your hedge. 

340. Lying rides upon debt's back. 

341.* Mad kings and mad bulls, are not to be held by treaties and pack- thread. 

342. Many a man's own tongue gives evi- dence against his understanding. 

343. Many a man would have been worse,if his estate had been better. 

344. Many a meal is lost for want of meat. 

345. Many complain of their memory, few of their judgment. 

346. Many dishes, many diseases. 

347. Many estates are spent in the get- ting. 

348. Many foxes grow grey, but few grow good. 

349. Many have quarrel'd about religion, that never practiced it. 

350. Many medicines, few cures. 

351. Many princes sin with David, but few repent with him. 

352. Many would live by their wits, but break for want of stock. 

353. Marry above thy match, and thou'lt get a master. 

354.* Marry your son when you will, but your daughter when you can. 

355. Mary's mouth costs her nothing, for she never opens it but at others ex-pense. 

356. Meanness is the parent of insolence. 

357.* Men and melons are hard to know. 

358.* Men differ daily about things which are subject to sense, is it like-ly then they should agree about things invisible? 

359.* Men meet, mountains never. 

360. Men often mistake themselves, sel-dom forget themselves. 

361. Men take more pains to mask than mend. 

362. Money and good manners make the gentleman. 

363.* Money and man a mutual friend- ship show ; man makes false money,money makes man so. 

364. Most fools think they are only ignorant. 

365. Most of the learning in use, is of no great use. 

366.* Most people return small favors, acknowledge middling ones, and re-pay great ones with ingratitude. 

367.* Much virtue in herbs, little in men. 

368. Necessity has no law; I know some attorneys of the same. 

369. Necessity has no law; Why? Be- cause, 'tis not to be had without money. 

370. Necessity never made a good bar- gain. 

371. Ne'er take a wife till thou hast a house (and a fire) to put her in. 

372.* Neglect kills injuries, revenge in- creases them. 

373. Neglect mending a small fault, and 'twill soon be a great one. 

374. Neither praise nor dispraise, till seven Christmasses be over. 

375. Never intreat a servant to dwell with thee. 

376.* Never praise your cyder, horse, or s bedfellow. 

377. Never spare the parson's wine, nor the baker's pudding. 

378. Nice eaters seldom meet with a good dinner. 

379. Nick's passions grow fat and hearty ; his understanding looks consump-tive. 

380. Nine men in ten are suicides. 

381. No gains without pains. 

382. No man e'er was glorious who was not laborious. 

383. None are deceived but they that confide. 

384.* None know the unfortunate, and the fortunate do not know them- selves. 

385. None preaches better than the ant, and she says nothing. 

386. No resolution repenting hereafter, can be sincere. 

387.* Nor eye in a letter, nor hand in a purse, nor ear in the secret of an- 

388. Nothing but money is sweeter than honey. 

389. Nothing drys sooner than a tear. 

390. Nothing humbler than ambition, when it is about to climb. 

391. Nothing more like a fool, than a drunken man. 

392. Nothing so popular as goodness. 

393. Now I've a sheep and a cow, every body bids me good morrow. 

394. No wood without bark. 

395.* No workman without tools, nor lawyer without fools, can live by their rules. 

396. Observe all men; thyself most. 

397. Observe old Vellum; he praises for- mer times, as if he'd a mind to sell 'em. 

398. Of learned fools I have seen ten times ten ; of unlearned wise men I have seen a hundred. 

399. O Lazy-bones ! Dost thou think God would have given thee arms and legs, if he had not design'd thou should'st use them. 

400. Old boys have their playthings as well as young ones; the difference 
is only in the price. 

401. Old young and old long. 

402.* One good, husband is worth two good wives; for the scarcer things 
are the more they're valued. 

403. One may be more cunning than an- other, but not more cunning than everybody else. 

404.* One mend-fault is worth two find- faults, but one find-fault is better 
than two make-faults. 

405. One to-day is worth two to-mor- rows. 

406.* Onions can make ev'n heirs and widows weep. 

407.* Pain wastes the body; pleasures the understanding. 

408. Pardoning the bad, is injuring the good. 

409. Patience in market, is worth pounds in a year. 

410. Pay what you owe, and you'll know what's your own. 

411. Philosophy as well as foppery often changes fashion. 

412. Plough deep, while sluggards sleep. 

413. Pollio, who values nothing that's within, buys books as men hunt beavers, for their skin. 

414. Poor Dick eats like a well man, and drinks like a sick. 

415. Poor Plain Dealing! Dead without issue. 

416.* Poverty, poetry, and new titles of honor, make men ridiculous. 

417.* Poverty wants some things, luxury many things, avarice all things. 

418. Praise to the undeserving is severe satire. 

419. Pray, don't burn my house to roast your eggs. 

420. Prayers and provender hinder no journey. 

421. Presumption first blinds a man, then sets him a running. 

422. Pretty and witty, will wound if they hit ye. 

423.* Pride and the gout are seldom cur'd throughout. 

424. Pride breakfasted with plenty, dined with poverty, supped with infamy. 

425. Pride dines upon vanity, sups on contempt. 

426. Pride is as loud a beggar as want, and a great deal more saucy. 

427. Pride gets into the coach, and shame mounts behind. 

428. Proclaim not all thou knowest, all thou owest, all thou hast, nor all thou canst. 

429. Prodigality of time, produces pov- erty of mind as well as of estate. 

430. Promises may get thee friends, but non-performance will turn them in-to enemies. 

431.* Proud modern learning despises the ancient. School-men are now laughed at by school-boys. 

432. Quarrels never could last long, if on one side only lay the wrong. 

433. Rather go to bed supperless, than run in debt for a breakfast. 

434.* Reading makes a full man, medita- tion a profound man, discourse a clear man. 

435. Read much, but not many books. 

436.* Retirement does not always secure virtue ; Lot was upright in the city, 
wicked in the mountain. 

437. Rob not for burnt offerings. 

438.* Rob not God, nor the poor, lest thou ruin thyself; the eagle 
snatched a coal from the altar, but it fired her nest. 

439. Samson with his strong body, had 

a weak head, or he would not have laid in a harlot's lap. 

440. Saying and doing have quarrel'd and parted. 

441.* Search others for their virtues, thy- self for thy vices. 

442.* Sell not virtue to purchase wealth, nor liberty to purchase power. 

443.* Silence is not always a sign of wisdom, but babbling is ever a mark of folly. 

444. Silks and satins put out the kitchen fire. 

445. Since thou art not sure of a minute, throw not away an hour. 

446.* Singularity in the right, hath ruined many; happy those who are convinced of the general opinion. 

447. Sleep without supping, and you'll rise without owing for it. 

448. Sloth and silence are a fool's vir- tues. 

449.* Sloth (like rust) consumes faster than labor wears. The used key is always bright. 

450. Snowy winter, a plentiful harvest. 

451.* Some are justly laughed at for keeping their money foolishly, others for spending it idly ; he is the greatest fool that lays it out in a purchase of repentance. 

452. Some are weatherwise, some are otherwise. 

453. Some make conscience of wearing a hat in the church, who make none of robbing the altar. 

454. Sorrow is good for nothing but sin. 

455. Spare and have is better than spend and crave. 

456.* Speak and speed; the close mouth catches no flies. 

457. Speak little, do much. 

458.* Speak with contempt of none, from slave to king; the meanest bee hath, 
and will use, a sting. 

459. Strange! that a man who has wit enough to write a satire, should have folly enough to publish it. 

460. Strange, that he who lives by shifts, can seldom shift himself. 

461.* Strive to be the greatest man in your country, and you may be dis- appointed ; strive to be the best, and you may succeed ; he may well win 
the race that runs by himself. 

462. Success has ruin'd many a man. 

463.* Sudden power is apt to be insolent, sudden liberty saucy; that behaves 
best which has grown gradually. 

464. Suspicion may be no fault, but showing it may be a great one. 

465.* Take counsel in wine, but resolve afterwards in water. 

466. Take courage, mortal; death can't banish thee out of the universe. 

467. Take heed of the vinegar of sweet wine, and the anger of good-nature. 

468. Take this remark from Richard, poor and lame, whatever is begun inanger, ends in shame. 

469.* Talking against religion is un- chaining a tiger; the beast let loose 
may worry his deliverer. 

470.* Tart words make no friends; a spoonful of honey will catch more 
flies than a gallon of s vinegar. 

471. Teach your child to hold his tongue, he'll learn fast enough to speak. 

472.* Tell a miser he's rich, and a woman she's old, you'll get no money of 
one, nor kindness of t'other. 

473. Tell me my faults, and mend your own. 

474. The absent are never without fault, nor the present without excuse. 

475.* The ancients tell us what is best, but we must learn of the moderns 
what is fittest. 

476. The bell calls others to church, but itself never minds the sermon. 

477. The bird that sits, is easily shot. 

478. The brave and the wise can both pity and excuse, when cowards and 
fools shew no mercy. 

479.* The busy man has few idle visitors ; to the boiling pot the flies come not. 

480. The cat in gloves catches no mice. 

481. The creditors are a superstitious sect, great observers of set days and times. 

482.* The cunning man steals a horse, the wise man lets him alone. 

493. The devil sweetens poison with honey. 

484. The discontented man finds no easy chair. 

485. The doors of wisdom are never shut. 

486. The end of passion is the beginning of repentance. 

487.* The excellency of hogs is fatness, of men virtue. 

488. The eye of a master, will do more work than his hand. 

489. The family of fools is ancient. 

490. The favor of tLe great is no in-heritance. 

491. The generous mind least regards money, and yet most feels the want of it. 

492. The golden age never was the pres- ent age. 

493. The good pay-master is lord of an- other man's purse. 

494. The good or ill hap of a good or ill life, is the good or ill choice of a 
good or ill wife. 

495.* The heart of the fool is in his mouth, but the mouth of the wise man is in his heart. 

496. The heathens when they dy'd, went to bed without a candle. 

497.* The honest man takes pains, and then enjoys pleasures; the knave takes pleasures, and then suffers pains. 

498.* The honey is sweet, but the bee has a sting. 

499. The horse thinks one thing, and he that saddles him another. 

500. The idle man is the devil's hireling; whose livery is rags, whose diet and wages are famine and diseases. 

501. The king's cheese is half wasted in parings; but no matter, 'tis made of the people's milk. 

502. The learned fool writes his nonsense in better language than the un-learned ; but still 'tis nonsense. 

503.* The magistrate should obey the laws, the people should obey the magistrate. 

504. The master's eye wil do more work than both his hands. 

505. The miser's cheese is wholesom'st. 

506. The most exquisite folly is made of wisdom spun too fine. 

507. The muses love the morning. 

508. The nearest way to come to glory, is to do that for conscience which we do for glory. 

509. The noblest question in the world is, what good may I do in it? 

510.* The old man has given all to his son ; O fool ! to undress thyself be- 
fore thou art going to bed. 

511.* The painful preacher, like a candle bright, consumes himself in giving 
others light. 

512. The poor have little, beggars none, the rich too much, enough not one. 

513.* The poor man must walk to get meat for his stomach, the rich man to get a stomach to his meat. 

514. The prodigal generally does more injustice than the covetous. 

515.* The proof of gold is fire; the proof of woman, gold; the proof of man, 
a woman. 

516. The proud hate pride in others. 

517. There are lazy minds as well as lazy bodies. 

518. There are no fools so troublesome as those that have wit. 

519.* There are no ugly loves, nor hand-some prisons. 

520. There are three faithful friends, an old wife, an old dog, and ready money. 

521.* There are three things extremely hard, steel, a diamond and to know 
one's self. 

522. There is neither honor nor gain got in dealing with a villian. 

523. There is no little enemy. 

524. There is no man so bad but he se- cretly respects the good. 

525. There is much difference between imitating a good man, and counter-feiting him. 

526. There's a time to wink as well as to see. 

527. There're many witty men whose brains can't fill their bellies. 

528. There's more old drunkards, than old doctors. 

529. There's none deceived but he that trusts. 

530. There's small revenge in words, but words may be greatly revenged. 

531. There was never a good knife made of bad steel. 

532. They who have nothing to trouble them, will be troubled at nothing. 

533.* The rivers and bad governments, the lightest things swim at top. 

534. The rotten apple spoils his com- panion. 

535. The royal crown cures not the head- ache. 

536. The same man cannot be both friend and flatterer. 

537. The sleeping fox catches no poultry. Up! up! 

538. The second vice is lying; the first is running in debt. 

539. The sting of a reproach is the truth of it. 

540. The sun never repents of the good he does, nor does he ever demand a recompence. 

541. The things which hurt, instruct. 

542. The tongue is ever turning to the aching tooth. 

543. The tongue offends, and the ears get the cuffing. 

544. The too obliging temper is evermore disobliging itself. 

545. The way to be safe, is never to be secure. 

546.* The way to see by faith, is to shut the Eye of Reason. The morning daylight appears plainer when you put out your candle. 

547. The wise man draws more advan-tage from his enemies, than the fool from his friends. 

548. The worst wheel of the cart makes the most noise. 

549.* The wolf sheds his coat once a year, his disposition never. 

550.* Think of three things, whence you came, where you are going, and to whom you must account. 

551. Thirst after desert, not reward. 

552.* Tho' modesty is a virtue, bashful-ness is a vice. 

553. Those that have much business must have much pardon. 

554. Those who are fear'd, are hated. 

555. Those who in quarrels interpose, must often wipe a bloody nose. 

556. Tho' the mastiff be gentle, yet bite him not by the lip. 

557. Thou canst not joke an enemy into a friend; but thou may'st a friend 
into an enemy. 

558. Three good meals a day is bad liv- ing. 

559. Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead. 

560.* Three things are men most likely to be cheated in, a horse, a wig, and a 

561.* Tim and his handsaw are good in their place, tho' not fit for preaching 
or shaving a face. 

562. Time enough always proves little enough. 

563. Time is an herb that cures all dis-eases. 

564.* Tim was so learned, that he could name a horse in nine languages. So ignorant, that he bought a cow to ride on. 

565.* 'Tis against some men's principle to pay interest, and seems against 
others' interest to pay the principal. 

566. 'Tis a laudable ambition, that aims at being better than his neighbors. 

567. 'Tis a shame that your family is an honor to you ! You ought to be an 
honor to your family. 

568.* 'Tis a strange forest that has no rotten wood in it, and a strange kin- 
dred that all are good in it. 

569. 'Tis better leave for an enemy at one's d^ath, than beg of a friend in 
one's life. 

570. J Tis easier to build two chimneys, than maintain one in fuel. 

571. 'Tis easier to prevent bad habits tnan to break them. 

572. 'Tis easy to see, hard to foresee. 

573. 'Tis easier to suppress the first de- sire, than to satisfy all that follow it. 

574. 'Tis great confidence in a friend to tell him your faults, greater to tell him his. 

575. 'Tis hard (but glorious) to be poor and lionest. 

576.* 'Tis less discredit to abridge petty charges, than to stoop to petty get-tings. 

577. Tis not a holiday that's not kept holy. 

578. 'Tis a well spent penny that saves a groat. 

579. To bear other people's afflictions, every one has courage enough, and to spare. 

580.* To be intimate with a foolish friend, is like going to bed with a razor. 

581.* To be proud of knowledge, is to be blind with light; to be proud of virtue, is to poison yourself with the antidote. 

582. To-day is yesterday's pupil. 

583.* To err is human, to repent divine, to persist devilish. 

584. To lengthen thy life, lessen thy meals. 

585. To-morrow every fault is to be amended ; but that to-morrow never comes. 

586.* Tom, vain's your pains; they all will fail; ne'er was good arrow 
made of a sow's tail. 

587. Tongue double, brings trouble. 

588. Too much plenty makes mouth dainty. 

589. To whom thy secret thou dost tell, to him thy freedom thou dost sell. 

590. Tricks and treachery are the prac-tice of fools, that have not wit 
enough to be honest. 

591.* Trouble springs from idleness; toil from ease. 

592. Trust thyself, and another shall not betray thee. 

593. Two dry sticks will burn a green one. 

594.* Up, sluggard, and waste not life ; in the grave will be sleeping enough. 

595. Vain-glory flowereth, but beareth no fruit. 

596. Vanity backbites more than malice. 

597. Vice knows she's ugly, so puts on her mask. 

598. Virtue and a trade, are a child's best portion. 

599. Virtue and happiness are mother and daughter. 

600.* Virtue may not always make a face handsome, but vice will certainly 
make it ugly. 

601.* Visits should be short, like a win-ter's day; lest you're too trouble- 
some hasten away. 

602.* Visit your aunt, but not every day ; and call at your brother's, but not 
every night. 

603. Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge. 

604. Wars bring scars. 

605.* We are not so sensible of the great-est health as of the least sickness. 

606. Wealth is not his that has it, but his that enjoys it. 

607. Weighty questions ask for delib- erate answers. 

608. Welcome, mischief, if thou comest alone. 

609. Well done is better than well said. 

610. Well done, is twice done. 

611. We may give advice, but we cannot give conduct. 

612.* What is a butterfly at best? He's but a caterpillar dressed, the gaudy 
fop's his picture just. 

613.* What's given shines, what's re-ceiv'd is rusty. 

614. What signifies knowing the names, if you know not the nature of things. 

615. What signifies your patience, if you can't find it when you want it. 

616.* What's proper is becoming; see the blacksmith with his white silk apron. 

617. What you would seem to be, be really. 

618. When a friend deals with a friend, let the bargain be clear and well penn'd, that they may continue friends to the end. 

619.* When befriended, remember it; when you befriend, forget it. 

620.* When death puts out your flame, the snuff will tell, if we were wax 
or tallow by the smell. 

621. When knaves betray each other, one can scarce be blamed or the other 

622.* When knaves fall out, honest men get their goods; when priests dis-pute, we come at the truth. 

623. When out of favor, none know thee ; when in, thou dost not know thy-  self. 

624. When prosperity was well mounted, she let go the bridle, and soon came 
tumbling out of the saddle. 

625. When reason preaches, if you won't hear her, she'll box your ears. 

626. When there's more malice shown than matter, on Jie writer falls the satire. 

627. When the well's dry, we know the worth of water. 

628. When the wine enters, out goes the truth. 

629. When 'tis fair, be sure take your coat with you. 

630. When you're good to othere, you are best to yourself. 

631.* When you speak to a man, look on his eyes; when he speaks to thee,look on his mouth. 

632. When you taste honey, remember gall. 

633. Where bread is wanting, all's to be sold. 

634. Where good laws are, much people flock thither. 

635. Where sense is wanting, everything is wanting. 

636. Where there's no law, there's no bread. 

637.* Where there is hunger, law is not regarded; and where law is not re- garded, there will be hunger. 

638. Where there's marriage without love, there will be love without marriage. 

639. Where yet was ever found the mother, who'd change her baby for another? 

640.* Wide will wear, but narrow will tear. 

641.* Wink at small faults; remember thou hast great ones. 

642. Wish not so much to live long as to live well. 

643. Without justice courage is weak. 

644. With the old almanack and the old year, leave thy old vice, tho' ever so  dear. 

645. Who dainties love, shall beggars prove. 

646. Who has deceived thee so oft as thyself? 

647. Who is powerful? He that governs his passions. 

648. Who is rich ? He that is content. 

649. Who is rich? He that rejoices in his portion. 

650. Who is strong? He that can con-quer his bad habits. 

651. Who is wise? He that learns from every one. 

652. Who judges best of a man, his enemies or himself? 

653. Who knows a fool, must know his brother; for one will recommend another. 

654. Willows are weak, but they bind the faggot. 

655. Wish a miser long life, and you wish him no good. 

656.* Women and wine, game and deceit, make the wealth small and the wants great. 

657. Words may show a man's wit, but actions his meaning. 

658. Would you live wiih ease, do what you ought, and not what you please. 

659. Would you persuade, speak of in-terest, not of reason. 

660.* Write injuries in dust, benefits in marble. 

661.* Write with the learned, pronounce with the vulgar. 

662. Why does the blind man's wife paint herself? 

663.* You can bear your own faults, and why not a fault in your wife. 

664. You may be too cunning for one,out not for all. 

665. You may delay, but time will not. 

666. You may give a man an office, but you cannot give him discretion. 

667. You may talk too much on the best subjects. 

668. You may sometimes be much in the wrong, in owning your being in the right. 

659.* Youth is pert and positive, age modest and doubting; so ears of corn when young and light, stand bolt upright, but hang their heads when weighty, full, and ripe. 

670.* You will be careful, if you are wise ; 
how you touch men's religion, or credit, or eyes.

“𝓞𝓾𝓻 𝓯𝓲𝓻𝓶 𝓫𝓮𝓵𝓲𝓮𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓪𝓽 𝓿𝓪𝓵𝓾𝓮 𝓱𝓪𝓼 𝓺𝓾𝓪𝓵𝓲𝓽𝓲𝓮𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓪𝓽 𝓯𝓪𝓻 𝓮𝔁𝓬𝓮𝓮𝓭 𝓪𝓷𝔂 𝓫𝓪𝓻𝓻𝓲𝓮𝓻𝓼 𝓸𝓷𝓮 𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓮𝓯𝓯𝓮𝓬𝓽𝓲𝓿𝓮𝓵𝔂 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓵 𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓲𝓻 𝓮𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓸𝓶𝓲𝓬 𝓭𝓮𝓼𝓽𝓲𝓷𝔂 𝓫𝔂 𝓯𝓸𝓻𝓶𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓵𝓲𝓯𝓮 𝓵𝓸𝓷𝓰 𝔀𝓸𝓻𝓴𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓱𝓪𝓫𝓲𝓽𝓼, 𝓽𝓮𝓬𝓱𝓷𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓵 𝓼𝓴𝓲𝓵𝓵𝓼, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓮𝓭𝓾𝓬𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷𝓪𝓵 𝓫𝓾𝓼𝓲𝓷𝓮𝓼𝓼 𝓿𝓪𝓵𝓾𝓮𝓼 𝓼𝓲𝓶𝓾𝓵𝓽𝓪𝓷𝓮𝓸𝓾𝓼 𝓽𝓸 𝓮𝓷𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓱𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓶𝓶𝓾𝓷𝓲𝓽𝔂 𝓪𝓻𝓸𝓾𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓶… “𝓔𝓷𝓿𝓲𝓼𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓦𝓸𝓻𝓵𝓭; 𝓒𝓸𝓸𝓻𝓭𝓲𝓷𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓨𝓸𝓾𝓻 𝓕𝓾𝓽𝓾𝓻𝓮”

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